Periodontal treatment is necessary when there has been significant damage to the gums and jaw bone. Periodontal disease can lead to significant tooth damage, gum tissue loss, and even tooth loss. When periodontal disease is caught early enough, we can often restore oral health with non-surgical periodontal treatment. However, advanced stages of periodontal disease may necessitate surgical procedures.
How periodontal diseases affect your overall health
What many patients find surprising is how closely oral health is linked to overall health. When bacteria are allowed to remain in the mouth, they can travel throughout the body and may increase the risk of a number of health issues, such as:
- Cardiovascular disease
- Respiratory disease
- Preterm birth
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Rheumatoid arthritis
What are the benefits of periodontal surgery?
Surgical periodontal treatment can help:
- Reduce pocket depth
- Eliminate infection
- Prevent the progression of gum disease
- Improve the appearance of your smile
Surgical Periodontal Treatments
- Flap Surgery and Soft Tissue Grafting
For patients with healthy gum tissue, standard cleaning is typically all that is required to maintain healthy teeth and gums. However, patients who suffer from periodontal disease may require surgical periodontal treatment.
Patients who have periodontal disease may benefit from flap surgery and soft tissue grafting. Flap surgery is performed to thoroughly clean the teeth and roots. The gums are folded back, allowing access to the roots. The roots are thoroughly cleaned, removing all bacteria. The gums are then sutured back into place.
Soft tissue grafting is performed after the flap surgery. The soft tissue graft is used to restore damaged gum tissue, helping to prevent further infection.
- Osseous Surgery and Guided Tissue Regeneration
Osseous surgery is used as a treatment for advanced periodontal disease. During this procedure, the diseased gum tissue is removed, and the remaining tissue is reshaped. The gums are then sutured and covered with a protective bandage. Osseous surgery may also be referred to as pocket reduction surgery.
- Laser Periodontal Therapy
Laser periodontal therapy is a minimally invasive procedure that treats the gum tissue with laser energy. Laser periodontal therapy may reduce bacteria in the gum pockets and can improve the appearance and health of your gums. Laser periodontal therapy is a more comfortable alternative to conventional periodontal surgery and may be used to treat mild to moderate cases of periodontal disease.
When gum disease causes gum recession, the exposed tooth roots can be vulnerable to decay. Gum grafting can cover the roots to protect them. This treatment involves taking tissue from the palate or around the teeth and attaching it to the gumline to disguise the roots and provide a healthy gum line.
Benefits of surgical periodontal treatments
- Dental treatment is an excellent investment in your oral health.
- The treatment you receive will reduce the risk of future dental problems.
- By addressing issues such as bone loss, tooth loss, and gum disease, you will reduce your risk of complications, such as tooth sensitivity, decay, and infection.
Call 34th Street Dental Care at 708-484-6576 to schedule your consultation with our dentists to learn more about our dental treatments.